BUYING AN INTERVENTION:
KOSOVO AND ALBANIAN PAC MONEY IN CONGRESS
By Benjamin Works, Director, The Strategic Issues Research Institute
Hack and I, along with a select group of others, have been
at war with
the KLA over its heroin and terrorist connections. We also knew
something about how political money bought this war policy. Here's the
Back in 1995, late in the Bosnian war, I got a reference to a 1986
Senate Resolution proposed by Senator Bob Dole of Kansas, decrying
Yugoslavian official oppression of the Albanian population of Kosovo
--that's 1986, when the Albanian Autonomous government was still fully
operational. Joseph DioGuardi, a New York Republican, sponsored the
companion House Resolution, both of which never emerged from committee.
I got a copy of that Senate Resolution Nr. 150 from the Congressional
Register of June 19, 1986 and then let it sit in my file for a long
time, while the NATO occupation of Bosnia appeared to keep things calm.
Meanwhile, Bob Dole managed to lose the 1996 Presidential Election, then
vigorously supported Mr. Clinton's year-by-year extensions for keeping
some 6900 US soldiers in Bosnia.
As the KLA insurrection in Kosovo reached civil war levels, I began to
think about that resolution and how it misrepresented history. I had
done considerable reading on the origins of the Yugoslav conflicts,
pulling Washington Post, New York Times and other reports from the
1980s, bearing on Kosovo and the collapse of the Federative Republic's
communist government under the pressure of ethnic-nationalism.
Well, pieces fit together showing that all along it has been the ethnic
nationalist fascist losers of World War II in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo
who have been exploiting the political process in Germany and the United
States. Their goal has been to effect the division of Yugoslavia and the
cleansing of Serbian populations from their territories, while
purporting that "Greater Serbia" was the menace to European security and
not the post-fascist "Greater Croatia" and "Greater Albania."
Survivors of the Croat Ustashe movement in southern Germany began their
work in the 1960s, but Joseph DioGuardi must be given credit for a
sustained campaign to influence Congress beginning in the mid-1970s.
DioGuardi, an Albanian American whose ancestors came from an Albanian
transplant community in the heel of Italy, sat in Congress for several
years in the mid-1980s as a Conservative Republican from New York's
Westchester County, but creating a Greater Albania was his agenda as a
map on his website shows (www.aapac.com). His Political
(PAC) activities are easy to follow from 1988 on.
What makes the PAC and individual contributions to campaigns more
interesting is the demonstrated connection between the Kosovo Heroin
Mafia, its "pizza connection" distribution ("inherited" from the
crime family) and money-laundering networks, and the number of pizzaria
owner-contributors listed in DioGuardi's filings. The Croats and
Albanians came up with big pots of laundered money, then spread it
around selectively, with American politicians helping to persuade other
members in Congress.
I have indications of a political alliance between DioGuardi and Bob
Dole going as far back as the early 1970s, but have not yet got all the
evidence in hand. What I do have is sufficient to reach tentative
conclusions about how foreign policy, in a democracy, can be "bought"
--that is precisely what happened in the case of the Kosovo Air War.
In early 1987, kicking off his 1988 bid to wrest the GOP nomination from
then-vice president George Bush, Dole received $1.2 million from
Albanian American supporters in New York City, while DioGuardi received
$50,000 at the same dinner. I expect the funding trail goes back
further, at least to Dole's 1976 campaign. It certainly continued from
1987 through to the present.
As the collapse of Yugoslavia loomed, the Croatian and Albanian lobbies
continued their campaign: Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy,
Mar 31, 1993 issue, reported as much as $50 million was larded around
Capitol Hill in a two-year period which saw the defeat of George Bush
and led to Bob Dole's control of the Republican party:
The United States Congress, still reeling from a series of financial
scandals involving representatives and senators, is now bracing for a
new problem: the massive financial "contributions" which have been made
to election funds of politicians by Croatian sources over the past two
to three years. One Congressional investigator told Defense & Foreign
Affairs Strategic Policy that the donations and expenditures on
Washington lobbying by the Croatians over the past two years "could well
exceed $50-million." Much of this came directly from Croatian lobbyists,
and some from Croatian American businessmen.
"Many of the campaign contributions have been recorded legally," the
investigator said, "but many are questionable. But what is more
important is that there has been a pervasive attempt to push the United
States along a line defined by foreign powers-Croatia and Germany-and it
has not been subtle. Elected officials are being told to either support
the Croatian line or face either a removal of funding or are told that
funding will be given to their opponents. Or they are literally bribed
into supporting the Croatian line. This was going on long before Croatia
even made its open bid for recognition as an independent state."
Now, as to individual contributions, there are campaign contribution
limits on individuals, then there are Political Action Committees
(PACs), "Soft Money" contributed to the parties and fed back to
candidates, and there is the time-honored custom of passing bundles of
hundred dollar bills in brown paper bags to favored candidates. Federal
Election Commission (FEC) records are on-line
(http://www.tray.com/fecinfo/) and I
have been able retrieve records for
Joseph DioGuardi's PACs going back to the 1988 election cycle, and have
also tested Bob Dole's 1996 Campaign and Liddy Dole's Campaign-2000. It
is all there in the lists of candidates and contributors.
In particular, most of the Congressmen speaking loudest against Serbia
and Serbs are those receiving money from DioGuardi's PAC. Some have
simply been beguiled, others may be more disingenuous. Recipients come
from both sides of the aisle but are mostly members of the House or
Senate foreign relations committees: Joseph Lieberman and Jesse Helms,
Benjamin Gillman and Tom Lantos. These records do not reveal monster
sums of money, but demonstrate the tip of the iceberg, where "soft
money," individual declared contributions and bags full of $100 bills
also find their way to select candidates.
It is clear that Bob Dole and Joe DioGuardi, in league with Croat and
Bosnian fascist emigrates, worked very effectively to set up US foreign
policy to dismantle Yugoslavia and ruin the Serb people. They have
succeeded admirably because they were organized and persistent, while
their opponents were disorganized and, ultimately, outnumbered by the
overwhelming flood of media propaganda. Now, the US taxpayer is on the
hook for Billions of Dollars, while our service personnel will be tied
down for years in Bosnia and Kosovo, again attempting the kind of nation
building that failed so spectacularly in Somalia and Haiti.
For those wishing to inspect the details of these fundraising, I have
loaded the summary lists compiled thus far at my website along with a
companion reading file on the KLA and Heroin:
Aid for Albanian army from U.S. Defence Department
TIRANE, July 19 (ata) - By Enkelejda Koraqi: The U.S.
Defence Department donated 80 trucks for the Armed Forces of Albania. In a
ceremony held on Monday in the Transport brigade in Tirane, the charge
d'affaires of the U.S. Embassy in Tirane, Robert Frowick handed over to
the Albanian deputy Defence Minister Ilir Bocka the key of the trucks.
The trucks are the first delivery of a three stage shipment. By the
end of July, the Albanian Army will have 96 other vehicles donated,
including transport lorries, buses and ambulances, which will carry the
total value of the donated vehicles to USD1 million.
"We will continue to work closely with the Defence Ministry and will
encourage Albania in its efforts to observe the NATO criteria to reach a
full logistic infrastructure." Expressing his thanks for the U.S. aid, Mr
Bocka said that the donation will help consolidate the Albanian army.